Angina:

Constricting type of chest pain that develops due to a reduced blood supply to the heart. The pain can radiate down the arm or into the jaw. Complete blockage of the artery can lead to a heart attack.

Artery:

A blood vessel that carries oxygen-rich blood from the heart to the body.

Atherosclerosis:

Build up of fat or cholesterol deposits inside the artery wall, causing narrowing of the arteries.

Body Mass Index (BMI):

Your BMI will indicate whether you are carrying too much weight for your frame. It is calculated by dividing your weight (kg) by your height squared (height x height = m2) to give you a number expressed as kg/m2

Cerebrovascular disease:

Disease of the arteries supplying the brain. Complete blockage of the artery can lead to a stroke.

Hypercholesterolaemia:

Too much bad cholesterol in the blood.

Metabolic Syndrome:

A person is diagnosed with Metabolic Syndrome when he/she is obese, plus any two of the following: high blood triglycerides, low HDL-cholesterol, high blood pressure and high blood glucose. For more information on metabolic syndrome, speak to your doctor.

Peripheral arterial disease:

Disease of the arteries that supply the peripheral body, e.g. the arms and the legs.

Type 1 diabetes:

Early-onset sugar disease (diabetes) that requires treatment with insulin.

Type 2 diabetes:

Late-onset sugar disease (diabetes) that initially requires treatment with oral anti-diabetic medicines, but may require insulin treatment.

Vein:

A blood vessel that carries oxygen-starved blood from the body to the heart.

References:

National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. High cholesterol: what you need to know. [online]. 2009 [cited 2009 Nov 24]. Available from: www.nhlbi.nih.gov

Steyn K, Fourie J (eds). Chronic diseases of lifestyle in South Africa: 1995-2005. Technical Report. Cape Town: South African Medical Research Council 2006. Pg 11,12,101,102.

American Heart Association. What is cholesterol? [online]. 2009 [cited 2009 Nov 24]. Available from: www.americanheart.org

National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. Coronary heart disease explained. [online]. 2009 [cited 2009 Nov 24]. Available from: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov

British Heart Foundation. Reducing your blood cholesterol. Heart Information Series Number 3. [online]. 2009 [cited 2009 Nov 24]. Available from: www.bhf.org.uk

De Backer G, Ambrosioni E, Borch-Johnsen K, et al. European guidelines on cardiovascular disease prevention in clinical practice. Third joint task force of European and other societies on cardiovascular disease prevention in clinical practice. Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil 2003;10:S1-S10.

The IDF consensus worldwide definition of the metabolic syndrome. [online]. 2009 [cited 2009 Dec 2]. Available from: www.idf.org

Steyn K, Fourie JM (ed). Heart disese in South Africa. Media Data Document. Heart and Stroke Foundation. July 2007.

American Heart Association. How can I manage stress? [online]. 2009 [cited 2010 Jan 12]. Available from: www.americanheart.org