Prevention of high blood pressure

Hypertension can be prevented by following a healthy lifestyle

  • Reduce salt intake to less than 5g daily
  • Eat more fruit and vegetables
  • Limit the intake of foods high in saturated fats
  • Eliminate/reduce trans fats in the diet
  • Exercise for at least 150 minutes each week (about 30 minutes a day, 5 days a week)
  • Avoid the use of tobacco
  • Reduce alcohol consumption (no more than 2 drinks per day)
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Reduce and manage stress


References:

1. World Health Organization (WHO). Hypertension. Aug 25, 2021. Accessed Apr 1, 2022. Available from https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/hypertension/
2. Seedat YK, Rayner BL, Veriava Y. South African hypertension practice guidelines 2014. Cardiovascular J Africa 2014;25(6):288-294.

16 May 2022

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